Online Toolkit

Endnotes

[1] Castro, L. Galace, J.2010 (2nd ed).Peace Education. A Pathway to a Culture of Peace. P.17

[2] Ibid. P 28

[3] Reardon B., and Cabezudo, A. (2002). Learning to abolish war: teaching toward a culture of peace. New York. Hague Appeal for Peace

[4] COMPASS. A Manual on Human Rights Education with Young People

[5] European Union External action, The Barcelona process: http://eeas.europa.eu/euromed/barcelona_en.htm

[6] For more on this see: Euromed Intercultural Trends 2010: The Anna Lindh Report, pp 90-97, available at: http://www.euromedalex.org/sites/default/files/AnnaLindhReport2010.pdf

[7] Ibid., p 135

[8] lbid., p136

[9] Haizam Amirah Fernández & Richard Youngs. (2005). The Barcelona Process: An Assessment of a Decade of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, 30 November 2005. Available at: http://www.realinstitutoelcano.org/analisis/849/Amirah-Youngs849.pdf

[10] Ibid.

[11] Ibid.

[12] Euromed Intercultural Trends 2010: The Anna Lindh Report, p136

[13] Anna Lindh Foundation. Dialogue in Action 2008: http://www.dialogueinaction.net/dialogueinaction/index.html

[14] lbid.

[15] lbid.

[16] Council of Europe (2010) Background document. Seminar Euro-Arab youth policy cooperation in the broader Euro-Mediterranean context. A contribution to the preparation of the International Year of Youth 31 May - 4 June 2010. Available at: http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth partnership/documents/Euromed/YouthPolicy/Background_document_Youth_Policy_seminar_rev.pdf

[17] Reflections on Youth Policy and the Management of NGOs in the European and Mediterranean Regions. Extracts from "Our White Sea" Conference, 16-22 November 2009, Euro-Med Youth Platform. p.19: http://www.euromedp.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Final-version-25.03.2010.pdf

[18] The United Nations General Assembly defined 'youth' as those persons falling between the ages of 15 and 24 years inclusive. This definition was made for International Youth Year, held around the world in 1985. All United Nations statistics on youth are based on this definition, as illustrated by the annual yearbooks of statistics published by the United Nations system on demography, education, employment and health. See: Aassve, A., et al., (2006). Youth poverty and transition to adulthood in Europe. Demographic Research, 15 (2): http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol15/2/

[19] Walther, A., et al., (2002).Youth Transitions, Youth Policy and Participation. State of the Art Report. http://www.iris-egris.de/yoyo/pdf/YoyoWP1StateofArt.pdf

[20] Youth in Europe - Statistics Explained. Accessed from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Youth_in_Europe

[21] Youth in Europe. A Statistical Portrait (2009). http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-78-09-920/EN/KS-78-09-920-EN.PDF, p. 18

[22] Mirkin, B.. (2010). Population Levels, Trends and Policies in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities. Arab Human Development Report. pp.11-12: http://www.arab-hdr.org/publications/other/ahdrps/paper01-en.pdf

[23] Fuller, G. (2003). The Youth Factor: The New Demographics of the Middle East and the Implications for U.S. Policy. Washington: The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2003/06middleeast_fuller/fuller20030601.pdf

[24] Youth in Europe - Statistics Explained. Accessed from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Youth_in_Europe

[25] Fargues, P. (2006). International Migration in the Arab Region: trends and policies. Beirut: United Nations Expert Group Meeting on International Migration and Development in the Arab Region. Available at: http://www.un.org/esa/population/migration/turin/Symposium_Turin_files/P09_Fargues.pdf

[26] European Commission (2010). Youth Policy. At: http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-policies/doc1687_en.htm

[27] Council of Europe (2005). Seminar Report. Youth Policy - Here and Now. Available at: http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth-partnership/documents/Publications/Euromed/YouthPolicyReport_EN.pdf. This publication summarizes the outputs of various seminar sessions that provided opportunity for the young people, governmental employees, researchers and NGO representatives from the European and Mediterranean countries to meet and learn from each other, exchange experiences and identify challenges for youth policies.

[28] Council of Europe (2010) Background document. Seminar Euro-Arab youth policy cooperation in the broader Euro-Mediterranean context. A contribution to the preparation of the International Year of Youth 31 May - 4 June 2010. Available at: http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth partnership/documents/Euromed/YouthPolicy/Background_document_Youth_Policy_seminar_rev.pdf

[29] Ibid. p.3

[30] Akyüz, A., et al. (2010) Mosaic: The Training Kit for Euro-Mediterranean Youth Work. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Available at: http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth-partnership/publications/T-kits/11/6577_T-Kit_11_A4_assemble.pdf

[31] European Commission. (2008). Youth in Action programme. At: http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-in-action-programme/doc407_en.htm

[32] More information about the Euro-Med Youth Programme is available at: http://www.euromedp.org/2011/03/04/salto-euromed-is-glad-to-introduce-you-the-updated-version-of-the-euro-med-youth-iv-programme/

[33] Euro-Med Youth Programme. (2010). EuroMed Youth IV Programme regional meeting Kicks off on the 22 February 2011. Accessed from: http://www.euromedyouth.net/EuroMed-Youth-IV-Programme

[34] Euro-Med Youth Programme. (2010) Key actors of Euromed Youth Cooperation. Accessed from: http://www.euromedyouth.net/Key-actors-of-Euromed-Youth

[35] See: http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth-partnership/about/objectives.html.

[36] Ibid.

[37] Gomes, R. (2004) .Partnership on Euro-Med youth cooperation in the field of training: a joint effort for further quality training in Euro-Mediterranean youth work. Meet'in EuroMed [Salto-Youth EuroMed Quarterly Magazine], August 2004, Issue 3, p. 2.

[38] Salto Youth. (2007). How SALTO-YOUTH has made a difference. Salto-Youth network report of activities in 2007. p.7. Available at: http://www.salto-youth.net/downloads/4-17-1792/SaltoRaport_inside_ost.pdf

[39] Dialogue in Action. Anna Lindh Foundation http://www.dialogueinaction.net/dialogueinaction/index.html

[40] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Egypt

[41] http://www.euronews.net/2011/05/11/eu-and-imf-start-key-greek-bailout-visit/

[42] http://www.europe.org.uk/europlus/greece.html

[43] Habermas (1986), cited by La Fata and Afonso. Inventing the Future: Reciprocal Maieutic Approach for Conflict Transformation.

[44] Mangano (1992), cited by La Fata and Afonso. Inventing the Future: Reciprocal Maieutic Approach for Conflict Transformation.

[45] http://www.europe.org.uk/europlus/italy.html

[46] http://www.seeitalia.com/essentials/culture/

[47] EuroMed Youth III Programme. Studies on Youth Policies in the Mediterranean Partner Countries: Jordan. p 12

[48] British Broadcasting Corporation. February 18, 2011. Middle East unrest: Clashes erupt at Jordan protest. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12507937

[49] Dialogue in Action. Anna Lindh Foundation,

[50] Euro-Mediterranean Youth Platform. Testimonies: Jordan. Retrieved from http://www.euromedp.org/testimonies/jordan/

[51] Dialogue in Action. Anna Lindh Foundation, http://www.dialogueinaction.net/dialogueinaction/index.html

[52] Culture Clash 4 U - http://www.cultureclash4u.com/

[53] http://www.visitholland.nl/index.php/Homepage/fun-facts-about-the-netherlands.html

[54] International Palestinian Youth League (IPYL), http://www.ipyl.org/palestinian-youth-situation

[55] Dialogue in Action. Anna Lindh Foundation, http://www.dialogueinaction.net/dialogueinaction/index.html

[56] Erakat, Noura. May 4, 2011. Palestinian Youth: New movement, new borders. Retrieved from: http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/features/2011/05/201153101231834961.html

[57] Romanian People, Culture and Language. Retrieved from http://www.goromaniatours.com/about-romania/people-culture-language.html

[58] http://www.cypnow.co.uk/Education/article/1067781/opinion-youth-unemployment-solutions-exist/

[59] Being Neet in Europe - A Comparison of Predictors and Later-Life Outcomes http://youth inequalities.org/media/conference/McMahon_Presentation.ppt, Youth-Inequalities.org

[60] The nini generation isn't confined to Spain http://clairefrench.co.uk/archives/1960

[61] Ibid.

[62] Ibid.

[63] National Democratic Institute (2011). Voices of A Revolution: Conversations with Tunisia's Youth. p3

[64] Gobel, Alexander, 03 April 2011. Tunisia's Facebook generation revels in new-found freedom. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved from: http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,6459851,00.html

[65] Speech by Mr. Samir Labidi, Minister of Youth, Sports and Physical Education of the Republic of Tunisia, at the opening ceremony of the International Year of Youth at the United Nations. 12 August 2010

[66] Berger, Roni. Impressions and thoughts of an incidental tourist in Tunisia in January 2011. Journal of International Women's Studies Vol. 12#1. Retrieved from http://www.bridgeew.edu/soas/jiws/vol12_no1/pdfs/14_Berger.pdf

[67] Dialogue in Action. Anna Lindh Foundation, http://www.dialogueinaction.net/dialogueinaction/index.html

[68] http://www.euromedp.org/testimonies/turkey/

[69] Thee, M. (1982). The scope and priorities of peace research. UNESCO yearbook on peace and conflict studies. Westport, Connecticut. Greenwoord Press.

[70] Hicks, D. (1987) Education for Peace. Principles into Practice. Cambridge Journal of Education. p17

[71] Castro, L and Galace, J. (2010) 2nd ed. Peace Education. A Pathway to a Culture of Peace. Center for Peace Education, Miriam College. p18

[72] Cheng S. and Kurtz, L. (1998) Third world voices redefining peace. Peace Review, 10, p7.

[73] Harris, I and Morrison, M (2003). Peace Education. Jefferson, North Carolina; McFarland and Company Inc.

[74] Castro, L and Galace, J. (2008). Peace Education. A Pathway to a Culture of Peace

[75] http://www.teachpeace.com/peacesymbolhistory.htm

[76] http://www.designboom.com/contemporary/peace.html

[77] Ibid.

[78] American Manual Alphabet Chart. Center for Disability Information and Referral (CeDIR). Indiana Institute on Disability and Community at Indiana University.

[79] Barash, D. (1999). Historical views of peace. In World Encyclopedia of peac. New York, Oceana Press.

[80] Castro, L and Galace, J. (2010) 2nd ed. Peace Education. A Pathway to a Culture of Peace. Center for Peace Education, Miriam College. p18

[81] http://www.unicef.org/education/files/PeaceEducation.pdf

[82] UNESCO.(2002) Mainstreaming Culture of Peace. Published by the Culture of Peace Co-ordination, UNESCO. Paris. p5 Can also be accessed at www.unesco.org/cp

[83] Fisher, Simon. et al.. Working with Conflict. Tools for Conflict Analysis.p.4; 19

[84] Galtung, J. (1995). Violence, peace and peace research. In M.Salla. (Ed) Essays on peace. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.

[85] Toh, S.H. and Cawagas, V. (1990) Peaceful, theory and practice in values education. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House, Inc.

[86] Galtung, J. (1995). Violence, peace and peace research. In M.Salla. (Ed) Essays on peace. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.

[87] Nagler. (2004). The Search for a Nonviolent Future. Makawao, Maui: Inner Ocean Publishing. 42-47

[88] Mitchell, C. R. (1981). The structure of international conflict. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, and London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.

[89] Nicholson, M. (1992). Cambridge University Press. p11

[90] Ibid.

[91] Fisher, S.. et al. (2000). Working with Conflict. Tools for Conflict Analysis.p19

[92] Ibid.

[93] Fisher, S. .et al (2000).. Working with Conflict. Tools for Conflict Analysis.pp17-31

[94] Adopted by Wolfram Zunzer in Fisher, S. et al., 2000: Working with Conflict: Skills and Strategies for Action. London.

[95] C.R. Mitchell (1981) The Structure of International Conflict.

[96] Ibid.

[97] Ibid.

[98] Ibid.

[99] Lederach, J.P. (2003). The little book of conflict transformation. PA: Good Books.

[100] Ibid.

[101] For more reading refer to: John Paul Lederach and Michelle Maiese. http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/transformation/
http://www.dcs.wisc.edu/pda/mediation/conflict-transformation.htm

[102] http://www.eycb.coe.int/gendermatters/chapter_3/1.html

[103] Council of Europe (2004) All Different All Equal Education Pack. p42

[104] Youth and Mediterranean Challenges, Azza Karam, p 29

[105] Council of Europe. (2007) Mini Compendium on Nonformal education. Council of Europe. Directorate of Youth and Sports. Strasbourg, France. p9. Can also be accessed on http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/youth/Source/Resources/Portfolio/Compendium_NFE_en.pdf

[106] UNOY Peacebuilders. (2009) Partners for Peace - A Toolkit for setting up European Youth Peace Projects in Partnership. http://www.unoy.org/downloads/resources/partnersforpeace/PartnersforPeace.pdf

[107] UNOY Peacebuilders. (2008) Youth Advocacy for a Culture of Peace. A Reflective Guide for Action in Europe. http://www.unoy.org/downloads/resources/advocacy/2008_YACoP.pdf