Online Toolkit

Part 5 - Modules

Lemon, Lime and Orange

DURATION30 minutes
TARGET GROUPYouth leaders, youth workers.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES- To introduce the idea of individual differences.
- To provide a start up activity in introducing the theme of diversity.
1. Ask all participants to get one fruit each.
2.Tell them to look closely at their fruit, examine it for distinctive marks, feel its skin and look at its shape.
3.Encourage each person to personalise his or her fruit by giving it a name.
4.Allow five minutes to do this and then collect all the fruits and put them into one big bag. Shake the bag to mix the fruits.
5.Spread all the fruits out on the floor in front of the group.
6.Ask each young person to come forward and collect his or her fruit.
7.If there is an argument over whose it is, try to adjudicate, but if they still can't agree, place the fruit to one side as unidentified. If this happens, you should be left with two at the end to reunite, but will find that most people (amazingly!) can successfully claim their fruit

Once all the participants have been reunited with their fruits, gather them together in a circle. Get their feedback about the activity.
- How sure are you that you claimed the right fruit?
- How can you tell? Was it easy?
Encourage them to look at the similarities between this exercise and differentiating between people in real life. Examine the stereotypes: are all lemons or oranges or limes the same colour? Are they all the same shape? While it is easier to identify lemons from oranges and limes, how difficult was it to identify an orange from another orange?

Ask participants to reflect on this and how it relates to the issue of diversity. Sometimes, it is easier to distinguish one person from another, sometimes, it is difficult to distinguish people from the same group. Ask participants to also reflect on the stereotypes that exist between people of different cultures, races and gender. What does this mean to the group?

Your evaluation of this process and the issues that emerge will help you develop further sessions around diversity.
HUMAN RESOURCES NECESSARYIdeal and minimum number of participants is 20 divided into 5 groups (4 participants per group).
This is also ideal in managing and deepening small group discussions.
MATERIALSLemons, oranges and limes (minimum of 5 for each).
Note: if participants are fewer than 15 people, take out one kind of fruit.
OBJECTIVES REALIZEDParticipants have a deeper understanding of diversity, our similarities and differences.
METHODOLOGY USEDIce breaking exercise.