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Online Toolkit

Part 5 - Modules


The Peace [and War] Lifeline

MAIN THEMESPeace, Current events, Intercultural Dialogue, Globalisation.
DURATION1 h - depending on number of participants.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES- To gather young people's perspectives on different specific issues of current affairs, and how they see it in relation to PEACE and WAR.
- To get participants' perspectives on these issues and the background from which their opinions come from.
- To promote critical thinking among participants and encourage openness and understanding of each other.
- To encourage dialogue in an intercultural platform, giving participants important issues to explore on from their own context and points of view.

Objectives include:
To Explore on different current affairs issues and how young people relate them to Peace.
To Encourage participants to share their perspectives on the topics, while at the same time, connecting them to the concepts of peace and war.
To Encourage openness and active listening on different ideas behind the perspectives on the issues.
To Promote awareness of other social realities by other participants.
To Promote intercultural understanding.
To Exercise dialogue and respect.
  
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES OR SERVICESPreparation:
Using masking tape, or a white rope, make a line on the floor, about 3 to 4 meters long. Mark one end of the line as [peace] and the other end [war].
Ask participants to gather in the middle of the peace lifeline.

Instructions:
- The activity will be divided into 5 rounds (number of rounds depending on the different topics the organisers wish to explore).
- In each round, a word will be given - there will be neither explanation nor definition of this word.
- With this word as reference, participants will situate themselves in the lifeline, whether they feel that this word is more of [peace] or [war]. Their distance to both ends will determine the relation of the word mentioned and the 2 words in the lifeline.

Mention word #1[see list of suggested words below] and give participants some time to think.

Words for the activity:
- migration,
- media,
- security,
- globalisation,
- freedom of expression,
- volunteering,
- development,
- tolerance.

After the participants have decided on where to situate themselves, the facilitator can start a short discussion [maximum 3 minutes], asking the participants:
1) to explain about how they situate themselves,
2) why and how they relate the word to [peace] or [war].
* Since some words are controversial, there is a tendency that the discussion will lead far away from the topic of peace and war, be sure to bring the discussion back to the topic.

The facilitator should encourage the participants to dialogue and speak with each other, ask questions and comments.
*Be careful to moderate the discussion so that it does not lead to (verbal) violence ... it is important to encourage openness and active listening.

Don't forget to take notes during the discussion (assign someone to document the discussion for reference during the open discussion).
Proceed to word #2, #3 and so on, following the above process after each word.
At the end of the last word, thank the whole group and ask them to sit down.

Debriefing:
Ask participants what they learned from the activity, from others, and about themselves:
- How did you feel while doing the activity? Was it uneasy hearing what others thought, especially those ideas different from yours? Why?
- Did you learn something new/specific?
- Did the exercise give you a new understanding of peace?
- Of war?

If time allows, you can go back and refer to the earlier discussions, bringing the discussion in the direction of its relation to PEACE [and WAR].
* Be careful not to allow the discussion to become a debate about what is wrong or right (this is certainly bound to happen especially with those with strong ideas).
  
HUMAN RESOURCES NECESSARY2 Facilitators.
Minimum 2 groups of 5 participants.
MATERIALSMasking tape, rope, (at least 3 meters long) to make a straight line.
Paper with the word PEACE on one end of the line, and WAR on the other.
Whiteboard/flipchart and markers.
MORE INFORMATION*it is important to divide participants according to age/maturity level and adapt the questions and concepts in order to get the most out of the discussions.