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Online Toolkit

Part 4 - Key Concepts, Models, and Tools

The goal of the Peace Bag toolkit is to help you mainstream peace education and intercultural dialogue in your work.
To be able to do this, it is important that we have a shared understanding of certain concepts before getting into the activities in Part 5.


Humankind needs to take lessons from its past in order to build a new and better future. One lesson learned is that, to prevent our violence-ridden history repeating itself, the values of peace, non-violence, tolerance, human rights, and democracy will have to be inculcated in every woman and man – young and old, children and adults alike.
- Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury
Former Under-Secretary General and High Representative of the UN

This section provides you with the basic knowledge on different concepts and discusses key themes in peace education. They discuss about skills, values, attitudes and perspectives needed in educating towards a culture of peace. These definitions explanations can then best be introduced to young people through the practical activities you will find in Part 5. We believe that a shared understanding of key concepts is the foundation for any successful intercultural dialogue that works towards lasting peace.

The definitions you will find may be familiar, or completely new ways of thinking about peace and other concepts related to it. Most of these concepts are taken from the training materials that were used during the Peace Bag training courses. They come from a wide range of training workbooks, and are based from theoretical inputs used by the trainers and participants in their work. They have been used in a number of trainings, including the Peace Bag, and have been revised and summarised according to the needs of the readers of this toolkit.